Identifier

etd-08042007-123938

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Psychology

Document Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Previous disaster research has focused on possible risk factors that contribute to child psychological distress following disaster exposure. One of these factors, parental psychopathology, has consistently been indicated as associated with and predictive of child functioning post-disaster. In related areas of violence exposure, researchers have gone beyond correlation and prediction in their attempt to elucidate the relationship between parental psychopathology and child functioning post-trauma. Such researchers have investigated and confirmed parental psychopathology as a moderator variable in the relationship between child violence exposure and child functioning. Thus, in considering the status of research regarding risk factors of child functioning post-disaster and the identification of parental psychopathology as a moderator within violence exposure research, the current study attempted to elucidate this possible relationship in a disaster-exposed sample. Participants consisted of 260 children and their mothers who were displaced from New Orleans due to Hurricane Katrina in the late summer of 2005. Child participants completed the Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition-Self Report of Personality, the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index, and the Child Hurricane-Related Traumatic Experiences, among other questionnaires utilized for a larger grant-funded research study. Mother participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition-Parent Report Scale, the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised, and the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale, among other questionnaires utilized for a larger grant-funded research study. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that maternal psychopathology and maternal PTSD were found to v moderate the relation between child hurricane exposure and mother-reported child internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Clinical implications, future research directions, as well as the current study’s strength and limitations are discussed.

Date

2007

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Kelley, Mary L

Included in

Psychology Commons

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