Identifier

etd-04142014-142446

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

Document Type

Dissertation

Abstract

This work concentrates on enabling the usage of a specific variant of tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (abbr. TDLAS) for tomogaphically reconstructing spatially varying temperature and concentrations of gases with as few reconstruction artifacts as possible. The specific variant of TDLAS used here is known as wavelength modulation with second harmonic detection (abbr. WMS-2f) which uses the wavelength dependent absorbance information of two different spectroscopic transitions to determine temperature and concentration values. Traditionally, WMS-2f has generally been applied to domains where temperature although unknown, was spatially largely invariant while concentration was constant and known to a reasonable approximation (_x0006_+/- 10% ). In case of unknown temperatures and concentrations with large variations in space such techniques do not hold good since TDLAS is a “line-of-sight” (LOS) technique. To alleviate this problem, computer tomographic methods were developed and used to convert LOS projection data measured using WMS-2f TDLAS into spatially resolved local measurements. These locally reconstructed measurements have been used to determine temperature and concentration of points inside the flame following a new temperature and concentration determination strategy for WMS-2f that was also developed for this work. Specifically, the vibrational transitions (in the 1.39 microns to 1.44 microns range) of water vapor (H2O) in an axi-symmetric laminar flame issuing from a standard flat flame burner (McKenna burner) was probed using telecom grade diode lasers. The temperature and concentration of water vapor inside this flame was reconstructed using axi-symmetric Abel de-convolution method. The two different sources of errors in Abel’s deconvolution - regularization errors and perturbation errors, were analyzed and strategies for their mitigation were discussed. Numerical studies also revealed the existence of a third kind of error - tomographic TDLAS artifact. For 2D tomography, studies showing the required number of views, number of rays per view, orientation of the view and the best possible algorithm were conducted. Finally, data from 1D tomography was extrapolated to 2D and reconstructions were benchmarked with the results of 1D tomography.

Date

2014

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Student has submitted appropriate documentation to restrict access to LSU for 365 days after which the document will be released for worldwide access.

Committee Chair

Schoegl, Ingmar

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