Identifier

etd-05272013-105338

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

Document Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Diagnosis of cancer very often depends on conclusions drawn after both clinical and microscopic examinations of tissues to study the manifestation of the disease in order to place tumors in known categories. One factor which determines the categorization of cancer is the tissue from which the tumor originates. Information gathered from clinical exams may be partial or not completely predictive of a specific category of cancer. Further complicating the problem of categorizing various tumors is that the histological classification of the cancer tissue and description of its course of development may be atypical. Gene expression data gleaned from micro-array analysis provides tremendous promise for more accurate cancer diagnosis. One hurdle in the classification of tumors based on gene expression data is that the data space is ultra-dimensional with relatively few points; that is, there are a small number of examples with a large number of genes. A second hurdle is expression bias caused by the correlation of genes. Analysis of subsets of genes, known as gene set analysis, provides a mechanism by which groups of differentially expressed genes can be identified. We propose an ensemble of classifiers whose base classifiers are ℓ1-regularized logistic regression models with restriction of the feature space to biologically relevant genes. Some researchers have already explored the use of ensemble classifiers to classify cancer but the effect of the underlying base classifiers in conjunction with biologically-derived gene sets on cancer classification has not been explored.

Date

2013

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Zhang, Jian

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