Identifier

etd-11112015-120704

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

Document Type

Dissertation

Abstract

Welding is a fabrication process that joint materials, is extensively utilized in almost every field of metal constructions. Heterogeneity in mechanical properties, metallurgical and geometrical defects, post-weld residual stresses and distortion due to non-linear welding processes are prime concerns for performance reduction and failures of welded structures. Consequently, structural integrity analysis and performance improvement of weld joints are important issues that must be considered for structural safety and durability under loading. In this study, an extensive experimental program and analysis were undertaken on the challenges towards structural integrity analysis and performance improvement of different welded joints. Two widely used welding techniques including solid-state “friction- stir- welding (FSW)” and fusion arc “gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW)” were employed on two widely utilized materials, namely aluminum alloys and structural steels. Various destructive and non-destructive techniques were utilized for structural integrity analysis of the welded joints. Furthermore, various “post-weld treatment (PWT)” techniques were employed to improve mechanical performances of weld joints. The work herein is divided into six different sections including: (i) Establishment of an empirical correlation for FSW of aluminum alloys. The developed empirical correlation relates the three critical FSW process parameters and was found to successfully distinguish defective and defect-free weld schedules; (ii) Development of an optimized “adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS)” model utilizing welding process parameters to predict ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of FSW joints; (iii) Determination of an optimum post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) condition for FS-welded aluminum alloys; (iv) Exploration on the influence of non-destructively evaluated weld-defects and obtain an optimum PWHT condition for GTA-welded aluminum alloys; (v) Investigation on the influence of PWHT and electrolytic-plasma-processing (EPP) on the performance of welded structural steel joints; and finally, (vi) Biaxial fatigue behavior evaluation of welded structural steel joints. The experimental research could be utilized to obtain defect free weld joints, establish weld acceptance/rejection criteria, and for the better design of welded aluminum alloy and steel structures. All attempted research steps mentioned above were carried out successfully. The results obtained within this effort will increase overall understanding of the structural integrity of welded aluminum alloys and steel structures.

Date

2015

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Secure the entire work for patent and/or proprietary purposes for a period of one year. Student has submitted appropriate documentation which states: During this period the copyright owner also agrees not to exercise her/his ownership rights, including public use in works, without prior authorization from LSU. At the end of the one year period, either we or LSU may request an automatic extension for one additional year. At the end of the one year secure period (or its extension, if such is requested), the work will be released for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Wahab, Muhammad

Available for download on Saturday, November 17, 2018

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