Identifier

etd-04192013-130821

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

Document Type

Dissertation

Abstract

As data-centric computing becomes the trend in science and engineering, more and more hardware systems, as well as middleware frameworks, are emerging to handle the intensive computations associated with big data. At the programming level, it is crucial to have corresponding programming paradigms for dealing with big data. Although MapReduce is now a known programming model for data-centric computing where parallelization is completely replaced by partitioning the computing task through data, not all programs particularly those using statistical computing and data mining algorithms with interdependence can be re-factorized in such a fashion. On the other hand, many traditional automatic parallelization methods put an emphasis on formalism and may not achieve optimal performance with the given limited computing resources.

In this work we propose a cross-platform programming paradigm, called "on-the-fly data tracing", to provide source-to-source transformation where the same framework also provides the functionality of workflow optimization on larger applications. Using a "big-data approximation" computations related to large-scale data input are identified in the code and workflow and a simplified core dependence graph is built based on the computational load taking in to account big data. The code can then be partitioned into sections for efficient parallelization; and at the workflow level, optimization can be performed by adjusting the scheduling for big-data considerations, including the I/O performance of the machine. Regarding each unit in both source code and workflow as a model, this framework enables model-based parallel programming that matches the available computing resources.

The techniques used in model-based parallel programming as well as the design of the software framework for both parallelization and workflow optimization as well as its implementations with multiple programming languages are presented in the dissertation. Then, the following experiments are performed to validate the framework: i) the benchmarking of parallelization speed-up using typical examples in data analysis and machine learning (e.g. naive Bayes, k-means) and ii) three real-world applications in data-centric computing with the framework are also described to illustrate the efficiency: pattern detection from hurricane and storm surge simulations, road traffic flow prediction and text mining from social media data. In the applications, it illustrates how to build scalable workflows with the framework along with performance enhancements.

Date

2013

Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Allen, Gabrielle

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